Mr Reynders said the first challenge is defining what constitutes a lethal autonomous weapons system and what doesn’t, at an international level. He also added that Belgian authorities hope it will eventually be possible to settle on an effective international approach, which would have to gather enough and sufficiently diversified support to have a real impact.
The press release revealed that along with Luxemburg and Ireland, Belgium will offer concrete solutions to define and internationally regulate LAWS. This means deciding which autonomous weapons systems should be banned internationally. Autonomous weapons that can kill without human intervention will be the main focus.
Belgium has already put in place internal measures to limit the use of weapons that break international human rights laws. It also applies article 36 of the first Additional protocol of the 1949 Geneva Convention, which makes it obligatory to evaluate the legality of all new weapons under international law.