Since 2010, the number of children and teenagers sent to such schools by juvenile judges has increased by a sixth. In 2017, they made up about 10% of all children and young people committed to institutions by the justice authorities in Flanders. In specialized education, the proportion is as high as 25%. These are mostly children in worrying situations, faced mainly with drug problems, family issues and mental disorders.
In the Wallonia-Brussels Federation, the 1,176 young people in boarding schools in May 2016 represented 9.9% of the total caseload of institutionalised minors, down from 10.10% the year before (1,300 children on 1 May 2015).
Juvenile judges can opt to commit minors to boarding schools when they do not need “very close” care, such as psychological care, according to the Office of the Minister in charge of Aid to the Youth and Houses of Justice, Rachid Madrane.
Young people are placed in boarding schools because of a shortage of space in the usual institutions tasked with accommodating then. This could prove appropriate for giving them a clear structure and a daily routine, juvenile judge Tine Suykerbuyk said in the two Flemish dailies.
Teachers’ networks warn, however, that educators now face heavier workloads in boarding schools.